Primary Causes of Piles

Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are swollen veins in the lowest part of the rectum and anus. They often result from increased pressure in the veins of the rectum, which can cause the veins to bulge and become inflamed. There are several potential causes of piles that can lead to this increased pressure.

One of the most common causes is constipation and straining during bowel movements. When stool becomes hard and difficult to pass, it requires excessive straining to have a bowel movement. This straining increases pressure on the veins in the rectum and anus, leading to the development or worsening of piles over time.

Another major contributing factor is chronic diarrhea. Frequent loose stools can irritate the anus and lead to swelling of the veins, especially if accompanied by repeated wiping. Inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis often cause chronic diarrhea and increase the risk of developing piles.

Pregnancy can also trigger the formation of piles due to the increased pressure of the fetus on the abdomen and pelvis. As the uterus grows, it puts more strain on the veins in the rectal area. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also cause the veins to relax and swell more easily. Many women develop piles during the later stages of pregnancy or after childbirth.

Being overweight or obese is another risk factor, as the excess weight puts continuous pressure on the rectum and pelvis region. This chronic pressure makes it easier for the veins to become swollen and inflamed over time. A low-fiber diet that leads to constipation can further compound the problem.

Prolonged sitting or standing, frequent heavy lifting, excessive straining during exercise, and anal intercourse are additional potential causes. Any activity that increases the pressure on the veins around the anus can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids.

Age is also a factor, as the supportive tissues around the veins can weaken over time, allowing the veins to bulge more easily. This is why hemorrhoids are more common in older adults.

While piles can be extremely uncomfortable and sometimes painful, in many cases the underlying causes are lifestyle factors that are within your control. Maintaining a high-fiber diet, staying hydrated, exercising regularly, managing healthy bowel habits, and avoiding excessive straining can help reduce your risk of developing this common condition.

Note: If any anyone is suffering from acute piles problem in nearby areas of Bhubaneswar  & Cuttack, please do visit Lapgicare Super-specialty Proctology Hospital to avail best piles treatment in Bhubaneswar.

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dr. Jane Foster

dr. Jane Foster

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